Y2K20: Opportunities in design and testing for freelance application developers, small IT companies, medium, large and huge.

It was not uncommon to find the earliest of the Web Application Developers to assume that all domain names would end in .com, all email addresses would follow the format @xyz.com. While developers took into account newer domain names such as .info in due course, most continued to design applications to accept Domain names and email addresses in ASCII just as software developers in the 80s assumed that it would be unnecessary to have any more than two digits to denote the year, which led to the famous Y2K issue towards the year 2000.

y2k20
Imaginary logo of y2k20, a name that does not exist

Now there are new Top Level Domain Names (such as .family and .game) and Internationalized Domain Names (in various native non-ascii scripts of India and the world, such as .??????? and .???? (I typed India in Tamil and Devanagiri, displays here as ???) as well as Internationalized email Internet Domain Names that would allow users to have addresses in their native scripts.

If a browser or a form in a webpage limits acceptance of domain names or email addresses with a rule such as “a domain name must be in English and end with .com, or .net or .org” or “an email address must be in English or numerals” then it is archaic.

It is a problem far larger in its dimensions than the Y2K problem of year 2000 which kept the IT community of the entire world talking. On this problem of “Universal Acceptance” there appears to be inadequate attention to the problem in global public interest as well as to the commercial opportunities it presents for enterprising Developers and Corporations. This might emerge to be a huge commercial vertical in itself in view of the Design changes to be brought about and in terms of the testing requirements. #Deity #NASSCOM #WIPRO #TiE #TCS #Cognizant (If you are from a different country, please feel free to rewrite this post to suit your country and publish it. This post is not copyrighted.)

For more information, follow the publicly archived, transparent discussions in the IETF forum, at ICANN and at the Internet Society on this issue. You could also write to isocindiachennai (At) gmail (dot) com for additional pointers or any clarification. Or ask your Executives at a higher level to take part in ICANN meetings that are open and held as multi-stakeholder global meetings. And also join the Internet Society India Chennai Chapter. Such participation would lead you to positive involvement in the global Internet and also connect you to business opportunities not only in the y2k20 (there is no such term, the term is coined to describe the issue and the opportunity) but also in DNSSEC, IPv6 transition, Internet of Things (IoT) and new gTLDs.

What does the phrase “Universal Acceptance” mean?

“Universal Acceptance of domain names and email addresses” (or just “Universal Acceptance”, or even “UA”, for short) means that all apps and online services should accept all Internet domain names and email addresses equally.

Universal Acceptance is an important concept these days because the Internet is changing. One way that it is changing is that addresses no longer need to be composed of ASCII characters. (ASCII characters are the 127 Latin-script letters, numerals and punctuation marks that are dominant on the Internet today. All the characters in this document so far have been ASCII characters.)

Most people on earth are not native speakers of languages which use the ASCII characters, so moving from a character set limited to 127 characters to an alternate which can support more than one million characters is essential for those people to fully use and benefit from the Internet. This alternate is called Unicode.

Another way that the Internet is changing is by allowing lots of new domain names. Not only are there simply more of them, but some are longer than any of the older domain names and many of them use the same Unicode system mentioned above.

Note: “Universal Acceptance” is sometimes confused with “Universal Access” or “Universal Accessibility”; those phrases refer to connecting everyone on earth to the Internet, and to building Internet-connected systems for all differently-abled people on earth, respectively. Universal acceptance is limited to domain names and email addresses.

A special group called “Universal Acceptance Steering group (UASG) has been created to work on issues related to Universal Acceptance. UASG doesn’t work on anything else (e.g. Universal Access or Universal Accessibility).

How does an app or an online service support Universal Acceptance?

Software and online services support Universal Acceptance when they offer the following capabilities:

A. Can accept any domain name or email name as an input from a user interface, from a document, or from another app or service

B. Can validate and process any domain name or email name

C. Can store any domain name or email name

D. Can output any domain name or email name to a user interface, to a document, or to another app or service

Unfortunately, older apps and online services don’t always offer those capabilities. Sometimes they lack support for Unicode; sometimes they make wrong assumptions about new domain names, or even assume they don’t exist. Sometimes they support Universal Acceptance in some features but not in all.

How can Universal Acceptance be measured?

Universal Acceptance can be measured in a few ways.

1. Source code reviews and unit testing

2. Manual testing

3. Automated testing

#1 means inspecting the source code and verifying that only the correct programming techniques, software libraries and interfaces (AKA “APIs”) have been used, then verifying that the app or service works by testing against specific test cases for the capabilities A-D listed above. #1 is only practical for app developers and online service providers.

UASG is reaching out directly to the community of app developers and the largest online service providers to encourage them to perform source code reviews and testing to determine the level of Universal Acceptance in their offerings. UASG is also providing a list of criteria which can be used to develop test cases for the capabilities A-D listed above.

#2 can be done by anyone, but it’s labor-intensive. Examples of #2 would include submitting an email address when registering for an online service and verifying that it has been accepted. Since there are lots of potential online services to sign up for, and lots of potential new email address combinations, one must pick and choose which combinations of app, services, email address and/or domain name to test.

UASG is developing a list of top web sites, apps, email addresses and domain names suitable for testing.

#3 requires up-front technical work, but is more scalable to large measuring and monitoring efforts. An example of #3 is the recent gTLD investigation performed by APNIC on behalf of ICANN. <http://www.potaroo.net/reports/Universal-Acceptance/UA-Report.pdf >

UASG is investigating methods of automated testing for Universal Acceptance and will share these as they are developed.

RoundTable at the Asia Internet Symposium: What can India bring to Internet Governace

Asia Internet Symposium Chennai, was organized around the theme “India in the Free and Open Global Internet” in two sessions.


Full Playlist starts with the inaugural introduction to the Event, followed by the recordings of speeches by the Invitees including the Key Note Speaker, in turn followed by the recording of Round Table Session ( bit.ly/aischennai  look for the video titled “AIS Chennai 2014 – Roundtable: What can India bring to Internet Governance?”) followed by Closing Remarks on the intended follow up.

 

The event brought together local Community Leaders from different stakeholder groups and created awareness on the participation opportunities and the receptiveness of the Internet Governance process for global participation. The event also aimed to bring in committed participants to the multi-stakeholder process in India for Internet Governance Policy and programs.

AIS Internet Society India Chennai
Asia Internet Symposium Internet Society India Chennai Key Note by Shri Bharat Epur

The event started with a short duration inaugural session  on India’s concern with a Key Note Address by Bharat Epur, Director, Epur Investments and Talks on Internet Governance by David Appasamy, Founder, Raising iBrows, Samiran Gupta, Head of ICANN for India and Rajnesh Singh, Director, Asia Pacific Regional Bureau of the Internet Society.  This session was followed a very broad Round Table with the these invitees and visionary Business Leaders from TiE Chennai, spiritual leaders from Art Of Living, Students from MOP Vaishnav College, Anna Universtiy and Loyolla College as also several member of Internet Society India Chennai. The discussions went beyond India’s concerns as a Nation, and endeavored to bring up higher thoughts on ways of strengthening Internet Governance in a manner that is fair for the whole world. This was to MAKE A START of a process of generating broad thinking on positive ways by which different cultures could broadly contribute to further the evolution of the Free and Open Internet.

Internet is Global and the process of Internet Governance has enormous responsibilities as it has the well being of all the people of the world at stake. This makes it necessary for the Internet Governance Institutions to look beyond the existing models that happen to be more based on corporate governance models and strengthen it further as a larger and higher governance framework for universal good, broadened with values that are far more profound.

At the moment this is largely an undefined exercise, would get defined as it takes shape further.

AIS Chennai RoundTable
Internet Round Table at Chennai

The RoundTable with participants from India brought up the idea of “Vasu Deva Kudumbakam” – the world as one family – any notion of separation is superficial, but on a deeper level the whole world is an undivided unity. Especially among people of India, this notion of the world as an undivided family is deep rooted. India has the inherent psychological strength to awaken this notion, discuss and nudge others to embrace this idealistic notion.

AIS Internet Society India Chennai
Asia Internet Symposium Internet Society India Chennai Table of Students from MOP Vaishnav College and Anna University

The Round Table brought up thoughts that included abstract ideas of such as the concept of five elements as also ideas drawn from the Constitution of India that could be relevant to global Internet Governance. Other ideas mentioned included the Indian concept of a “Guru” or “RajaGuru” and possible modernization of such a concept into that of an enhanced Advisory Body so as to keep Governance on the path of broader justice. Participants also sought to explore the Indian concept of “Dharma” and its relevance as a component of the existing foundation of Internet Governance.

Follow up

Organized as a session of the Asia Internet Symposium, this Round Table discussion on this theme is the first of the two or more discussions planned at Chennai.The Chennai meeting was a START for this process and the thoughts brought up at this first meeting form a minuscule part of the ideas from the wealth of wisdom from this region, from past and present. There is a plan to organize a larger event with expert participation as a larger round table, possibly with the participation of some Internet Community leaders. Some of the ideas – many more to be identified – to be explored in follow up meetings in Chennai and possibly in certain other parts of the world are:

  • concepts from business including the ISO model of creating an overall propensity to standards across the organization, rather than by inspection of individual products or service components;
  • governance models from large, global Charitable or Non-Governmental or Regional Organizations such as the Tata Trust, Virgin Atlantic, various Foundations or the Council of Europe.
  • concept of Trusteeship as conceived in India.
  • concept of Non-confrontational conflict resolution
  • notions of Commitment and Justice from earlier cultures
  • North African cross cultural notions of do’s and don’ts, right and wrong.
  • notions on various advisory / governance bodies such as the Council of Elders or the seat of a RajaGuru, placed on par or above the Seat of Governance
  • notions of division of powers/ balance in governance from earlier governance models or from National constitutions.
  • ideas on common good by fair governance from Eastern and Western philosophers

Internet Society India Chapter intends to write to other Chapters with a suggestion to replicate this event in their regions as also intends to work on a few jointly organized meetings in one or two locations. (Even this meeting benefited from collaboration, as Joly MacFie of the Internet Society of New York spent ample time guiding Hostmacro Web Services who sponsored Technical Support in-kind for the Webcast, and post event, Joly MacFie received the 12 GB video file, reviewed and edited it upload this Playlist in YouTube.)

The recommendations from this Round Table and follow up events are to be shared with the Internet Community Staff and possibly with any Community working groups exploring topics related to this theme.

Archives

Youtube : http://bit.ly/aischennai (a playlist of seven videos)
blog : http://isocindiachennai.org/?p=1915
Twitter: http://twitter.com/isocchennai

Contact

isocindiachennai (aT) gmail {dot} com

Asia Pacific Regional Internet Governance Forum: Call for proposals

Asia Pacific Regional Internet Governance Forum
APrIGF 2015 Macau
30 Jun3 Jul 2015
Venetian Hotel Macao
Open Call for Themes and Workshop Proposals
Asia Pacific Regional Internet Governance Forum (APrIGF) is one of the key regional initiatives on Internet governance which provides an open platform for multi-stakeholders to discuss and identify issues and priorities, and ultimately advances the development of Internet governance in the Asia Pacific region as well as bring forward and contribute to the wider global Internet community.
Hosted by HNET.Asia, the registry for the ccTLD of Macau (.mo), APrIGF 2015 will be held from 30 Jun (Tue) to 3 Jul (Fri) at the Venetian Hotel Macao in conjunction with an annual local telecommunications event – CommuniMacao (3-5 Jul). With the many recent developments of the Internet such as the IANA stewardship transition and the discussion of post-2015 development agenda, etc, APrIGF 2015 will definitely be the good platform for all these important discussions.
Our Multi-Stakeholder Steering Group(MSG) now would like to call upon the community to contribute to the program development process and suggest any thematic issues or topic of discussions as well as pre-events or workshop proposals for 2015!
Online Submission Form: (http://2015.rigf.asia/theme-submissions/)
Thematic Suggestion Deadline: 4 Dec 2014 (Thu)
Workshop Proposal Submission Deadline: 11 Mar 2015 (Wed)
**Travel support will be available with partial subsidies provided to selected APrIGF delegates. An application process will be announced in due course.
If you have any enquiries, please feel free to contact Internet Society India Chennai isocindiachennai@gmail.com or the secretariat at sec@aprigf.asia.
If you are interested to follow any news and updates about APrIGF and discuss relevant issues, you may subscribe to the mailing list discuss@aprigf.asia by sending in subscription request.
We also welcome any Internet-related organisation to become a sponsor. Please contact sec@aprigf.asia for more information.
Best Regards,
Secretariat of APrIGF
Asia Pacific rIGF, Macau
Asia Pacific Regional IGF Macau

OneWebDay 2014 – Recognizing Core Internet Values

OneWebDay, held on September 22 every year since 2006, is a global event aimed at giving all participants in this unprecedented turn in human evolution that is the Internet a chance not only to celebrate it, but also to raise awareness of the importance of maintaining the open-networking principles that have made it the success it is.

OneWebDay 2014 will be held on Monday 22 September 2014. The suggested theme for this year’s events is to Recognizing Internet Core Values. These core values can be defined as End-to-End, Open Standards, Universal Access, and Freedom of Expression. For OneWebDay in 2014 we suggest the viewing/reposting of the three videos below.

1) On August 24 2014Dave Moskowitz of InternetNZspoke at TEDxWellington. His topic was ‘The Four Superpowers of the Internet‘. Dave describes the Core Internet Values as superpowers, which he titles more briefly as DIRECT – OPEN – ACCESSIBLE – FREE. To use these powers justly he invokes TED prize winner Karen Armstrong’s Charter for Compassion, which calls upon each of us to live the “golden rule”, and treat all others as we wish to be treated ourselves.

View on YouTubehttp://youtu.be/CLCkjfUI_fs
Transcribe on AMARAhttp://www.amara.org/en/videos/6f0PUcknxwvH/
Read texthttp://dave.moskovitz.co.nz/2014/09/10/my-tedx-talk-the-four-superpowers-of-the-internet/

2) On August 29 2014 the U.S. Department of State Bureau of International Information Programs, issued a video “The Internet Belongs to Everyone” which very much emphasizes the core values, and their maintenance via the multistakeholder model – which needs for to be defended from regulatory encroachment worldwide. The video has English closed captions.

View on YouTubehttp://youtu.be/XqwijhDr7pE
Transcribe on AMARAhttp://www.amara.org/en/videos/emTQ02LEjBmh/

3) On September 5 2014 the Dynamic Coalition on Core Internet Values met at the Internet Governance Forum 2014 in Istanbul. The session brought together Representatives from two Civil Society Organizations, two Business Corporations, two Governments, two Technical Organizations and two Universities. PANEL:
Dr Vint Cerf ?(ARIN)?; Sivasubramanian Muthusamy, (Internet Society India Chennai); Baroness Rennie Fritchie DBE (Nominet, UK) ; Amy Stepenovich (Access Now); David Cake(Electronic Frontiers Australia ); Lawrence E Strickling (NTIA, USA); Paul Wilson (APNIC); Dr. Steve Crocker (ICANN); Adam Peake. (Academic Community); and Desiree Miloshevic, Internet Society, CHAIR: Dr Olivier Crepin-LeBlond ? (ICANN At-Large)?. While this is a lengthy video (94 mins) it really brings forth some of the key issues affecting and, occasionally, threatening core Internet values in 2014. There is a rough transcript.

View on YouTubehttp://youtu.be/LHkXhjF6Zqs
Transcribe on AMARAhttp://www.amara.org/en/videos/YVcbsEeVHlEZ/
Read texthttp://www.intgovforum.org/cms/174-igf-2014/transcripts/2021-2014-09-05-dc-on-core-internet-values-room-10

**If you are interested in helping organize OneWebDay 2015 please email volunteer@onewebday.org

(Content reproduced from onewebday.org)

Asia Pacific Regional Internet Governance Forum (APRIGF) 2014 in India

The Asia Pacific Regional Internet Governance Forum (APrIGF) 2014 is hosted in New Delhi along with SANOG 24th Edition and Youth Internet Governance Forum (YIGF) 2014 in the Hotel Crown Plaza, Greater Noida from 1st August to 9th August, 2014.

Asia Pacific Regional Internet Governance Forum (APrIGF) has been held annually since initiated in 2010 in Hong Kong. The APrIGF serves as a platform for aggregating IGF related discussions and collaborations at the regional level, which ultimately advances the Internet governance development in Asia Pacific.

The main theme of APRIGF 2014 is “Internet to Equinet – An Equitable Internet for the Next Billion!”, with the accelerating demand in Asia for internet addresses, Asia Pacific Regional Internet Governance Forum, provides a multi-stakeholder platform with the emphasis on the diversity of participants and openness of the discussion.

For More Details on the Events and Schedule, Please visit: www.aprigf.asia