Internet, Internet Governance and the Stakes

We organized a round table event with a select list of 25 participants at Residency Towers on 22 October to discuss the broader policy aspects of (Cyber)Security. Prior to this event, on invitation from NIT Calicut Alumni (Chennai Chapter) we had a conversation on “Internet and Internet Governance and the Stakes”

The link below points to the recording of the one hour session with the Chennai Chapter Alummni of the NII. Please follow the link to watch the event.  Our voices sound  a little different due to a recording error.

https://drive.google.com/open?id=0BymSF9LysHAKR3pTSU13VjY0MGc

Pre-event to a preparatory event: Oliver Crepin-LeBlond and Sebastien Bachollett at an ISOC India Chennai event with the Chennai Chapter of NIT Calicut Alumni

ISOC Chennai – ICANN DNSSEC KSK event at Chennai

To reach another person on the Internet you have to type an address into your computer – a name or a number. That address has to be unique so computers know where to find each other.

ICANN coordinates these unique identifiers ( Names and Numbers) across the world.

When typing a name, that name must be first translated into a number by a system before the connection can be established. That system is called the Domain Name System (DNS) and it translates names like https://wikipedia.org into the numbers. These numbers are called Internet Protocol (IP) addresses.

ICANN coordinates the addressing system to ensure all the addresses are unique. Without that coordination we wouldn’t have one global Internet.

Recently vulnerabilities in the DNS were discovered that allow an attacker to hijack this process of looking some one up or looking a site up on the Internet using their name. The purpose of the attack is to take control of the session to, for example, send the user to the hijacker’s own deceptive web site for account and password collection.

A technology called DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC) secures this part of the Internet’s infrastructure. You can read more about DNSSEC here:

https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/dnssec-qaa-2014-01-29-en

ICANN organises DNSSEC Training and Events worldwide. The Internet Society India Chennai Chapter would co-organize a DNSSEC event at Chennai on July 9, 2017. ICANN would host this event.

This would be a half-day session on DNSSEC with particular attention to the KSK rollover for the technical community in Chennai.  The event is open for ISPs, Network Operators, DNS Administrators and other Interested parties, preferably for those whose line of work relates to DNSSEC. Please reach out to the companies / organizations including educational institutions, Law and Order Agencies, Banks, ISPs, IT Companies and independent professionals you may know to be likely to have an interest in this topic.

The session would cover the following topics during 9 30 am – 1 pm, followed by Lunch

dnssec
Domain Name System Security Extensions

 

DNS and DNS Security Overview
Why DNSSEC?
Root Zone DNSSEC KSK Rollover

 

There is no Admission fee. However,  pre-registration is required as seats are limited to 30. The form is at page https://goo.gl/forms/YQO2KxCfTaVWul1X2 (short link)

( The above link points to: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSeT88T3jM5gn0Oyjk_cXTMI98xLwOa3jVbFNfN0rvkc7Ozlpw/viewform?usp=sf_link  )

After Lunch we will have an hour of discussions on the policy aspects of DNS.  This session would be for Business and Community Leaders who have an interest in Internet Policy, who would join us on invitation. If wish to recommend names of Business / Community Leaders whom you might have expertise and interest in the security aspects of DNS, please pass on the names by email to isocindiachennai AT gmail DOT com The invitees would join other participants for Lunch at 1 pm which would be followed by about 60 minutes or round table discussions on the policy aspects of DNS.

Internet Technologies evolve to enable Interplanetary Networking

The initial Inter Planetary Networking technologies have been developed by Vint Cerf and others.  In Interplanetary networking the time delay (latency) and the lack of continuous network connectivity (as for example, waiting for the next satellite to come into the communication range) are problems that needed to be solved.  Hence the Interplanetary Network has to be Delay Tolerant and Disruption tolerant, whereas on the Internet, by the present protocols, the packets would be dropped when there is a line disruption or any abnormal delay.

Interplanetary Networks concept diagram by IPNSIG
Interplanetary Networking or Delay and Disruption Tolerant Networks

The experimental protocols have been developed by members of the Delay & Disruption Tolerant Networking Research Group (which operates under the aegis of the Internet Research Task Force).

The Internet Society has shared an update from NASA’s Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate’s (HEOMD) on its Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program.

While much of the focus is on a human mission to Mars, there are also signs of NASA’s increased commitment to Delay & Disruption Tolerant Networking (DTN).

Current Activities:

  • Disruption Tolerant Networking (DTN): Infusion of store and forward communications protocols into NASA and international missions.

Recent Accomplishments:

  • Demonstrated supervisory control of ESA Eurobot from the International Space Station (ISS using) DTN.
  • Agreement with KARI (the South Korean Space Agency) to conduct DTN experiments.

With an increased dependency upon robotic missions to pave the way for a human mission to Mars, and increasing realization that the data is the mission, these are encouraging signs that DTN is gathering momentum as a critical component of guaranteeing mission success.

The full update is available for download at:  https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/files/3-Status_of_AES.pdf  See slide 17

For a better understanding of the basics of DTN watch this video: