One Web Day Celebrations, Washington Square, New York

OneWebDay is an Earth Day for the internet. The idea behind OneWebDay is to focus attention on a key internet value (this year, online participation in democracy), focus attention on local internet concerns (connectivity, censorship, individual skills), and create a global constituency that cares about protecting and defending the internet. So, think of OneWebDay as an environmental movement for the Internet ecosystem. It’s a platform for people to educate and activate others about issues that are important for the Internet’s future.

One Web Day is celebrated on Sep 22 every year.

Strategic Global Engagement ITU WTSA

from the ISOC website

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA) will be held in Johannesburg, South Africa, along with the Global Standards Symposium (GSS), which precedes the WTSA, from 20-30 October, 2008.

The World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly is the regular event that defines the topics to be studied in the next four year period by the ITU-T. (Further information is available from the WTSA-08 home page and WTSA-08 programme page).

As such, it is a critical meeting for shaping the ITU work programme, and it is imperative that delegates are well-informed on topics and strategies pertaining to Internet development. It is our hope that we can work together to ensure that a broad range of national delegations are appropriately informed. More on that, below.

The ITU-T is the part of the ITU that produces standards for the world’s telecommunication networks. Current priority work areas are ensuring the needs of developing countries are taken into account in the development of global telecom standards; accessibility; adopting international standards to ensure seamless global communications and interoperability for next generation networks (NGN); building confidence and security in the use of ICTs; emergency communications to develop early warning systems and to provide access to communications during and after disasters and the reduction of the impact of ICTs on climate change as well as create better understanding of how ICTs can mitigate its effects.

The ITU does not develop the standards that make the Internet work. But the Internet obviously relies heavily on telecommunication networks to transport information using the Internet Protocol. ISOC became a Sector Member of the ITU-T in 1995. Our membership allows us to take part in their work and participate in working meetings, including the WTSA. ISOC plays a positive role in the ITU, encouraging its 191 Member States, as well as other Sector Members (non-governmental members) to do its work in a way that does not conflict with or duplicate work done by the Internet’s own standards bodies. This is particularly important in the ITU, where governments alone make decisions that ultimately affect all stakeholders, including the private sector, civil society and those of us striving to ensure that the Internet is for everyone.

At the WTSA, ISOC’s goal is to provide governments with basic information on the fundamental Internet institutions involved in the creation of the standards that make the Internet work, and more broadly in the ongoing governance and operation of the Internet. This information is intended to inform the discussions of the future work on Internet standards, Internet governance and the importance of ensuring that standards forums are open and inclusive in their work.

The Internet Society and its affiliated organizations believe it is vital for all participants in the development of standards understand the established Internet institutions, so that the ITU is able to complement the work done in those institutions without creating situations of overlap or duplication. This is particularly true in the context of ensuring that the developing countries are able to participate meaningfully in the standards development process. The Internet standards development organizations share a deep concern that all countries and all stakeholders are able to contribute their expertise and knowledge to their work. Each of those organizations takes active steps to facilitate participation, whether by orienting their work toward online participation, or by providing fellowships to enable qualified participants to attend and participate in face to face meetings. The Internet Society plays a key role in the process at the global, regional and national levels.

At the WTSA in 2008, governments will be debating and making decisions on the ITU work program for the next four years. Some Member States have introduced resolutions that would have the ITU extend its work into areas directly affecting the Internet.

ISOC will be participating in the WTSA and the Global Standards Symposium (GSS) that precedes the WTSA, from October 20 to 24. The ISOC delegation will be composed of President and CEO, Lynn St. Amour, and Chief Internet Technology Officer, Leslie Daigle. In addition, Leslie will be participating in the GSS panel on the topic of Global Standards Collaboration. While ISOC is in Johannesburg for the first week of the WTSA, we will be distributing a package of information explaining the Internet standards development process, and introducing the Internet model to delegates from approximately 191 countries. We believe this is important so that they will be fully informed about how the Internet organizations truly work when it comes time to make their decision or cast their votes.

If you are in contact with your government department responsible for participating in the WTSA, please take this opportunity to speak to her or him about how important it is to recognized and support the Internet model.

ISOC Contribution to ITU World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA) 2008

This is one of several Strategic Global Initiatives by ISOC


Remembering Jon: Looking Beyond the Decade

Dr Vinton Gray Cerf, hailed as the Father of the Internet, now Chief Internet Evangelist and Vice President of Google remembers Jon Postel in this article that appeared in CircleID, reproduced here with permission from Vint Cerf and CircleID

A decade has passed since Jon Postel left our midst. It seems timely to look back beyond that decade and to look forward beyond a decade hence. It seems ironic that a man who took special joy in natural surroundings, who hiked the Muir Trail and spent precious time in the high Sierras was also deeply involved in that most artificial of enterprises, the Internet. As the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) and the RFC editor, Jon could hardly have chosen more polar interests. Perhaps the business of the artificial world was precisely what stimulated his interest in the natural one.

The significance of Jon Postel’s contributions to building the Internet, both technical and personal, were such that a memorial recollection of his life forms part of the core technical literature sequence of the Internet in the form of RFC 2468 “I Remember IANA”, written by Vinton Cerf. This is no trivial thing given that between 1969 and February 2002, only 3,240 RFCs were published. Source: Jon Postel – Wikipedia

As a graduate student at UCLA in the late 1960s, Jon was deeply involved in the ARPANET project, becoming the first custodian of the Request for Comment note series inaugurated by Stephen D. Crocker. He also undertook to serve as the “Numbers Czar” tracking Domain Names, Internet Addresses, and all the parameters, numeric and otherwise, that were key to the successful functioning of the burgeoning ARPANET and, later, Internet protocols. His career took him to the east and west coasts of the United States but ultimately led him to the University of Southern California’s Information Sciences Institute (ISI) where he joined his colleagues, Danny Cohen, Joyce K. Reynolds, Daniel Lynch, Paul Mockapetris and Robert Braden, among many others, who were themselves to play important roles in the evolution of the Internet.

It was at ISI that Jon served longest and as the end of the 20th Century approached, began to fashion an institutional home for the work he had so passionately and effectively carried out in support of the Internet. In consultation with many colleagues but particularly with Joseph Sims of the Jones Day law firm and Ira Magaziner, then at the Clinton administration White House, Jon worked to design an institution to assume the IANA responsibilities. Although the path to its creation was rocky, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) was officially created in early October, 1998, just two weeks before Jon’s death on October 16.

In 1998 there were an estimated 30 million computers on the Internet and an estimated 70 million users. In the ensuing decade, the user population has grown to almost 1.5 billion and the number of servers on the Internet now exceeds 500 million (not counting episodically connected laptops, personal digital assistants and other such devices). As this decade comes to a close, the Domain Name System is undergoing a major change to accommodate the use of non-Latin character sets in recognition that the world’s languages are not exclusively expressible in one script. A tidal wave of newly Internet-enabled devices as well as the increasing penetration of Internet access in the world’s population is consuming what remains of the current IPv4 address space, driving the need to adopt the much larger IPv6 address space in parallel with the older one. Over three billion mobiles are in use and roughly 15% of these are already Internet-enabled.

Jon would take considerable satisfaction knowing that the institution he worked hard to create has survived and contributed materially to the stability of the Internet. Not only has ICANN managed to meet the serious demands of Internet growth and importance in all aspects of society, but it has become a worked example of a new kind of international body that embraces and perhaps even defines a multi-stakeholder model of policy making. Governments, civil society, the private sector and the technical community are accommodated in the ICANN policy development process. By no means a perfect and frictionless process, it nonetheless has managed to take decisions and to adapt to the changing demands and new business developments rooted in the spread of the Internet around the globe.

Always a strong believer in the open and bottom-up style of the Internet, Jon would also be pleased to see that the management of the Internet address space has become regionalized and that there are now five Regional Internet Registries cooperating on global policy and serving and adapting to regional needs as they evolve. He would be equally relieved to find that the loose collaboration of DNS root zone operators has withstood the test of time and the demands of a hugely larger Internet, showing that their commitment has served the Internet community well. Jon put this strong belief into practice as he was founder and ex-officio trustee of ARIN.

As the very first individual member of the Internet Society he helped to found in 1992, Jon would certainly be pleased that it has become a key contributor to the support of the Internet protocol standards process, as intended. The Internet Architecture Board and Internet Engineering and Research Task Forces as well as the RFC editing functions all receive substantial support from the Internet Society. He might be surprised and pleased to discover that much of this support is derived from the Internet Society’s creation of the Public Internet Registry to operate the .ORG top level domain registry. The Internet Society’s scope has increased significantly as a consequence of this stable support and it contributes to global education and training about the Internet as well as to the broad policy developments needed for effective use of this new communication infrastructure.

As a computer scientist and naturalist, Jon would also be fascinated and excited by the development of an interplanetary extension of the Internet to support manned and robotic exploration of the Solar System. This very month, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory will begin testing of an interplanetary protocol using the Deep Impact spacecraft now in eccentric orbit around the sun. This project began almost exactly ten years ago and is reaching a major milestone as the first decade of the 21st Century comes to an end.

It is probable that Jon would not agree with all the various choices and decisions that have been made regarding the Internet in the last ten years and it is worth remembering his philosophical view:

“Be conservative in what you send and liberal in what you receive.”

Of course, he meant this in the context of detailed protocols but it also serves as a reminder that in a multi-stakeholder world, accommodation and understanding can go a long way towards reaching consensus or, failing that, at least toleration of choices that might not be at the top of everyone’s list.

No one, not even someone of Jon’s vision, can predict where the Internet will end up decades hence. It is certain, however, that it will evolve and that this evolution will come, in large measure, from its users. Virtually all the most interesting new applications of the Internet have come, not from the providers of various Internet-based services but from ordinary users with extraordinary ideas and the skills to try things out. That they are able to do this is a consequence of the largely open and non-discriminatory access to the Internet that has prevailed over the past decade. Maintaining this spirit of open access is the key to further development and it seems a reasonable speculation that if Jon were still with us, he would be in the forefront of the Internet community in vocal and articulate support of that view.

A ten-year toast seems in order. Here’s to Jonathan B. Postel, a man who went about his work diligently and humbly, who served all who wished to partake of the Internet and to contribute to it, and who did so asking nothing in return but the satisfaction of a job well done and a world open to new ideas.

Jonathan B. Postel was the first individual member of ISOC a founding member of the Internet Architecture Board and the first individual member of the Internet Society, where he also served as a Trustee.

One Web Day Bangalore

We celebrated One Web Day with an Blogging event for Students. Blogging symbolizes freedom of expression on the Internet, so this was thought of as an appropriate theme for One Web Day celebrations at Bangalore.

The event was initiated by ISOC India Chennai and held at MSRIT, Bangalore. 150 Students, over a half of them completely new to Blogging. Srinidhi Hande guided them on the process of setting up a blog and all of them participated by creating a blog entry.

Afer the contest, the participants moved to an auditorium and I talked On the History of Internet, its Future and Challenges

Then Srinidhi talked about Blogging Techniques. His talk covered various aspects of Blogging such as why bloggers blog, why they lose interest and on the purpose of blogging. The students present took part in this event with a lot of
The entries are being judged to choose the best bloggers.
Thanks to Satyadhyan Chickerur who created interest in students like Aswin Desai and his team who organized the event so well. Special Thanks to the Head of the Department of IT at MSRIT, Dr Ashwat Kumar has been so helpful.
I and Srinidhi Hande travelled to Bangalore for this event which went on very well. A very bright team of students indeed. I have invited them all to be part of ISOC India Chennai as also take an active interest in the Internet Governance Forum, hosted this year by India at Hyderabad this December.
Here is the list of blogs:
swathu.blogspot.comsahanashankar.blogspot.com  vatsal9.wordpress.comthoughtsexpress.wordpress.compriyams01.blogspot.commohammadtabrej.blogspot.compoonambhawnani.blogspot.comvidyabhandarkar.blogspot.comsushmarao.wordpress.comlalit-kumar-sharma.blogspot.compoojamsrit.blogspot.comarchanahv.blogspot.commalinibadala.blogspot.commeerabc.blogspot.comnature-emerald.blogspot.compriyorishi.blogger.comhamidreza-habibi.blogspot.comswapnamanthan.blogspot.comsadeghi-shahab.blogspot.commysticalself.blogspot.combirthday19th.blogspot.combhargavi-n.sulekha.com


One Web Day

Two computers, an SDS Sigma 7 at UCLA and SDS 940 at Stanford were connected on Oct 29, 1969 by the pioneers including Vint Cerf, the Father of Internet.

record of the first message sent over ARPANET

At the UCLA end, they typed in the ‘L’ and asked Stanford if they received it; ‘got the L’ came the voice reply. UCLA typed in the ‘o’, asked if they got it, and received ‘got the o’. UCLA then typed in the ‘g’ and the darned system CRASHED! Quite a beginning.

An estimated 1.3 billion people are already on the Internet and the world is talking about the next billion(s) – (until recently the discussions were about providing access to the next billion users, but of late, it is billion with an ‘s’ as discussed in the MAG discussion on Internet Governance Forum at Geneva this week .

The Internet is unlike any other invention the world has seen. It has emerged to be what it is, not funded by any single Government, nor by any one business corporation. The Internet has grown to be what it is, not only due to the protocols and technologies that have been developing due to participative efforts, but to various developments of related technologies the world over. Technologies in Computer hardware, software, gateway and routing equipment, transfer infrastructure technologies such as telephone, mobile, satellite, technologies in user interface design combined together to make the Internet what it is.

The Internet has transformed the way the world progressed, has transformed the way we live. The Internet has emerged to be transcontinental, soon to be inter-stellar, has already reduced the distance between places half way across the globe to zero. People are connected in the Internet Model founded upon the spirit of openness and freedom that characterizes the Internet.

The Internet is not the computers, it is not the hardware in between, it is not the wires, the Internet is not the technology, but the users. The Internet is all about people networking with people.

  1. The internet evolved by everyone’s participation, for participation by everyone.

  2. The Internet Standards have emerged by open collaboration and participation on a community model, across national boundaries.

  3. This global social space that works on community participation, has its own conventions, culture and ethos, unwritten rules – all without a hierarchy of authority, with an inherent order.

  4. The Internet is accessible worldwide. The Internet transcends the boundaries of nations

  5. The Internet has evolved as a medium neutral of technology, nationhood, language, religion or race.

  6. The Internet has emerged as an open medium for freedom of speech even in geographical regions where freedom of expression is restrained. The Internet provides space for everyone to have an identity, to store and exchange information.

  7. The Internet brings together people from around the world and has been considerably free of politics. Internet is a space without privilege or prejudice accorded by race, economic power, military force, or station of birth

  8. The legal concepts of property, expression, identity, movement, and context on the Internet are peculiar to the Internet and differs from that of the geographical world.

These fundamental characteristics of the Internet needs to be preserved. Internet is what it is due to these characteristics.

One Web Day is an initiative by Susan Crawford to celbrerate Sep 22 every year as One Web Day, the Earth Day for Internet.

photo from CERN’s LHC home page

The Internet is in the process of making a huge technical leap, with the scientific possibility of moving from speeds of 512 kbps to Gigabps data transfer speeds which are already achieved in experiments related to CERN’s Large Hadron Collider which was activated on Sep 10, 2008.

There are several other positive developments. A Google funded Start Up, o3b is planning to reach the next 3 billion users through Satellite. Newer and more interesting web applications are helping users discover newer ways of making use of the Internet. Internet is going to be even more global and hundreds of times better.

It is at this point of time that the process of Internet Governance is being debated at the Internet Governance Forum, the third one in the series to be held at Hyderabad, India in December this year.

The stakeholders to the process are Government, Business and the Civil Society. A model of Governance that preserves the spirit of Internet can only emerge if each of the stakeholders concede part of their stakes, in their own interest to contribute to the process of further evolution of the Internet

One Web Day , while celebrating the Web, brings together the Internet users from around the world and could be a forum to reaffirm the user-centricity and other fundamental characteristics of the Internet in its important phase of a giant leap forward. .