Roundtable on (Cyber)Security for stakeholder inputs to GCCS2017

Roundtable on security
Internet Society India Chennai Roundtable for stakeholder inputs to cybersecurity policy

The Internet Society India Chennai  Round Table for Stakeholder inputs was held on the on October 22 at The Raj, Residency Towers, Chennai during 6-9 pm. This event on 22nd gains added importance as an event that was  organised as a Preparatory event to the Global Conference on Cyberspace to be held at New Delhi, as a High Level global diplomaticand policy event later this year.

The Round Table topic goes well beyond Internet Security, and broadly and loosely examined how Internet Security measures spill over to everyday life and how various security concerns, valid and real, sometimes translate into restrictions that alter the way we live our lives. The intention has been to see if diverse view points could contribute to Security design and help evolve good Security policies. The session was open for remote participation and recorded. The recording of the session is accessed from the link below:

Roundtable for stakeholder inputs to Cyber(Security)

This Roundtable event was in follow up an earlier Roundtable event during an ISOC Chennai DNSSEC/KSK rollover policy session at GRT Grand Hotel aur earlier event during June at Chennai. The Report on July 9, 2017.  A writeup based on the June event was sent to the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) Best Practices on Cybersecurity as inputs and attached below for context.

Reference Documents from the earlier (July9) event: (links below)

Internet Society India Chennai Response to the Questionairre from the IGF Best Practices Forum on Cyber Security

Report on Internet Society India Chennai Roundtable on the policy aspects of Cybersecurity:

ISOC Chennai – ICANN DNSSEC KSK event at Chennai

To reach another person on the Internet you have to type an address into your computer – a name or a number. That address has to be unique so computers know where to find each other.

ICANN coordinates these unique identifiers ( Names and Numbers) across the world.

When typing a name, that name must be first translated into a number by a system before the connection can be established. That system is called the Domain Name System (DNS) and it translates names like https://wikipedia.org into the numbers. These numbers are called Internet Protocol (IP) addresses.

ICANN coordinates the addressing system to ensure all the addresses are unique. Without that coordination we wouldn’t have one global Internet.

Recently vulnerabilities in the DNS were discovered that allow an attacker to hijack this process of looking some one up or looking a site up on the Internet using their name. The purpose of the attack is to take control of the session to, for example, send the user to the hijacker’s own deceptive web site for account and password collection.

A technology called DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC) secures this part of the Internet’s infrastructure. You can read more about DNSSEC here:

https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/dnssec-qaa-2014-01-29-en

ICANN organises DNSSEC Training and Events worldwide. The Internet Society India Chennai Chapter would co-organize a DNSSEC event at Chennai on July 9, 2017. ICANN would host this event.

This would be a half-day session on DNSSEC with particular attention to the KSK rollover for the technical community in Chennai.  The event is open for ISPs, Network Operators, DNS Administrators and other Interested parties, preferably for those whose line of work relates to DNSSEC. Please reach out to the companies / organizations including educational institutions, Law and Order Agencies, Banks, ISPs, IT Companies and independent professionals you may know to be likely to have an interest in this topic.

The session would cover the following topics during 9 30 am – 1 pm, followed by Lunch

dnssec
Domain Name System Security Extensions

 

DNS and DNS Security Overview
Why DNSSEC?
Root Zone DNSSEC KSK Rollover

 

There is no Admission fee. However,  pre-registration is required as seats are limited to 30. The form is at page https://goo.gl/forms/YQO2KxCfTaVWul1X2 (short link)

( The above link points to: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSeT88T3jM5gn0Oyjk_cXTMI98xLwOa3jVbFNfN0rvkc7Ozlpw/viewform?usp=sf_link  )

After Lunch we will have an hour of discussions on the policy aspects of DNS.  This session would be for Business and Community Leaders who have an interest in Internet Policy, who would join us on invitation. If wish to recommend names of Business / Community Leaders whom you might have expertise and interest in the security aspects of DNS, please pass on the names by email to isocindiachennai AT gmail DOT com The invitees would join other participants for Lunch at 1 pm which would be followed by about 60 minutes or round table discussions on the policy aspects of DNS.

Internet Technologies evolve to enable Interplanetary Networking

The initial Inter Planetary Networking technologies have been developed by Vint Cerf and others.  In Interplanetary networking the time delay (latency) and the lack of continuous network connectivity (as for example, waiting for the next satellite to come into the communication range) are problems that needed to be solved.  Hence the Interplanetary Network has to be Delay Tolerant and Disruption tolerant, whereas on the Internet, by the present protocols, the packets would be dropped when there is a line disruption or any abnormal delay.

Interplanetary Networks concept diagram by IPNSIG
Interplanetary Networking or Delay and Disruption Tolerant Networks

The experimental protocols have been developed by members of the Delay & Disruption Tolerant Networking Research Group (which operates under the aegis of the Internet Research Task Force).

The Internet Society has shared an update from NASA’s Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate’s (HEOMD) on its Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program.

While much of the focus is on a human mission to Mars, there are also signs of NASA’s increased commitment to Delay & Disruption Tolerant Networking (DTN).

Current Activities:

  • Disruption Tolerant Networking (DTN): Infusion of store and forward communications protocols into NASA and international missions.

Recent Accomplishments:

  • Demonstrated supervisory control of ESA Eurobot from the International Space Station (ISS using) DTN.
  • Agreement with KARI (the South Korean Space Agency) to conduct DTN experiments.

With an increased dependency upon robotic missions to pave the way for a human mission to Mars, and increasing realization that the data is the mission, these are encouraging signs that DTN is gathering momentum as a critical component of guaranteeing mission success.

The full update is available for download at:  https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/files/3-Status_of_AES.pdf  See slide 17

For a better understanding of the basics of DTN watch this video: